258 Results for 'Medicine'
Microfluidic encapsulation for subcutaneous delivery of viscous drugs
Antibodies and other biopharmaceuticals have emerged as a powerful new class of drugs for treating diseases that range from rheumatoid arthritis to breast cancer to macular degeneration. However, these large, protein-based molecules cannot be taken orally (the stomach would digest them) and are frequently given at high concentrations. Most are administered intravenously, but that approach...
Regenerating heart valves
The human heart beats approximately 35 million times every year, pumping blood into the circulation via four different heart valves. In more than four million people each year, heart valves fail for different reasons, including birth defects, age-related deteriorations and infections. At present, clinicians use either artificial prostheses or fixed animal and cadaver-sourced tissue to...
AAV-Engineering For Advanced Gene Therapy
Gene therapy with AAV (adeno-associated virus) as a delivery vehicle is a leading therapeutic modality for genetic disorders that is approved in Europe for the metabolic disease Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency. It is currently being tested in clinical trials in the U.S. to treat other rare conditions like the retinal Leber Congenital Amaurosis and the...
T cell traps
T cells, a subtype of white blood cells, play key roles in cell-mediated immunity, be it to fight infections and cancer or, when corrupted, to react against the body’s own cells in more than 80 autoimmune diseases, including type I diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and others. However, isolating disease-related T cells from the body...
A broad strategy to reduce the toxicity of protein drugs
Therapeutic variants of the natural hormone erythropoietin (EPO) which is produced in the kidney to boost the production of red blood cells are commonly used to treat anemias stemming from kidney disease, chemotherapy and other complications. However, many drugs that are based on therapeutic proteins, including EPO, often cause unwanted side effects because they not...
Manufacturing biomolecules ‘on the go’
Wyss Institute researchers have developed a biomolecular manufacturing method that can quickly and easily produce a wide range of vaccines, antimicrobial peptides and antibody conjugates while doing so anywhere, even in places without access to electrical power or refrigeration. The breakthrough could provide a life-saving workaround for making modern interventions available in remote areas. Today...